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U.S. import and export customs trade regulations and policies

U.S. import and export customs trade regulations and policies are a complex system designed to protect national security, promote fair trade, ensure product safety, and safeguard economic interests.

Including: customs codes and commodity classifications, trade restrictions, import and export licenses, customs declarations, tariff policies, trade sanctions, rules of origin, anti-dumping and countervailing, and intellectual property investigations

Various U.S. trade executives and law enforcement agencies

To understand "U.S. Import and Export Customs Trade Regulations and Policies", you must first understand the import and export-related departments and their responsibilities.

Trade Competent Department [Congress] The U.S. Constitution divides the foreign trade management powers of Congress and government agencies, and clearly stipulates that Congress has the power to manage foreign trade.

Congress exercises foreign trade management power by enacting laws, approving treaties, deciding taxes, and controlling expenditures.

The United States is responsible for the enforcement of the import and export of goods under foreign trade laws, which mainly includes the following departments.

The departments and main responsibilities of the United States responsible for the enforcement of foreign trade laws.

Office of the United States Trade Representative

Main Responsibilities of the Office of the United States Trade Representative

  • Develop and implement trade policy
  • Negotiation of foreign trade agreements
  • Investigate and retaliate against unfair foreign trade practices
  • Implement “Section 301”   
  • Fully authorized to handle matters related to the United States in the WTO    Handle OECD matters related to trade and commodity issues
  • Responsible for matters related to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • Responsible for matters related to trade issues in other multilateral institutions and other multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations

Responsibilities of the U.S. Department of Commerce

  • Promote the country's foreign trade, economic growth and technological progress, export promotion, etc.
  • Export control and import management
  • Prevent unfair trade competition from abroad, including countervailing and anti-dumping investigations, etc.< /li>
  • Responsible for the enforcement of U.S. trade laws and regulations
  • Provide assistance and information to improve the competitiveness of U.S. businesses in the world
  • Enforcement promotes global trade and strengthens U.S. International Trade and Investment Status Policies and Programs
  • Monitors and implements multilateral trade negotiations involving commerce
  • Responsible for international economic policy, lowering foreign government barriers that impede U.S. international trade and investment, and The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative coordinates the U.S. government’s response and negotiating positions on international economic and trade issues
  • Provides social and economic statistics and analysis to businesses and government decision-making departments
  • Supports scientific and Utilization of technological achievements
  • Formulate technological development policies
  • Provide advice to the President on federal government policy, industry and commerce, and the national economy

U.S. Treasury Department

  • Directly controls certain key foreign trade administrations
  • Responsible for international financial affairs and represents the United States in the International Monetary Fund and World Bank

USDA

  • Responsible for commodity trade related to agricultural products and implementing multiple export promotion programs
  • Establishing a commodity credit company to provide preferential credit for U.S. agricultural exports

U.S. Department of Defense

Economic policies related to national security. One of the important responsibilities is to be responsible for the export management of strategic materials.

U.S. Department of Justice

  • Responsible for antitrust matters
  • U.S. Department of Energy
  • Crude oil imports and energy policy

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

The main responsibilities of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection

  • Determine and collect import and export duties
  • Process procedures for people, transportation, goods, and mail to enter and exit the United States
  • Enforce export controls
  • Prevent fraudulent import and export trade practices wait

U.S. International Trade Commission

  • Anti-dumping, countervailing, and safeguard measures industrial damage investigations, special safeguard case investigations, Section 337 investigations, and Section 332 investigations, fair and objective enforcement of U.S. trade remedy laws
  • Provide independent support to the President, U.S. Trade Representative, and Congress , high-quality information, reports and consulting on tariffs, international trade and industrial competitiveness
  • Maintaining the U.S. Harmonized Tariff Rules (HTS)

more U.S. import and export customs trade regulations and policies

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When you plan to import a variety of goods made in China to the United States and sell them locally, whether through Amazon, eBay, Walmart, Best Buy, Target, Etsy, Wish, Shein, No. Whether you are opening a store on a well-known e-commerce platform such as Nordstrom or Macy's, or through your company's own independent website, or you are engaged in international trade business, before you start the import process, you must " Have in-depth knowledge and understanding of U.S. import and export customs trade regulations and policies.

Detailed List of US Tariffs on Chinese Imports in 2024, update 20TH MAY 2024